Glossary of Psychology
The Glossary of Psychology describes everything about the World of Psychology. Terms, Treatments, biographies, ... .
Bruxism refers to teeth grinding during sleep. Bruxism is due to clenching of the teeth other than in chewing and is associated with forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements.
DyspraxiaDyspraxia refers to a developmental disorder of planning and organisation of physical movement. The essential feature is the impairment of motor function that significantly interferes with activities of daily living or academic achievement, and is not due to a general medical condition, such as muscular dystrophy or cerebral palsy. Performance in daily activities that require motor coordination is substantially below that expected, given the person's general intelligence and chronological age. This may be manifested in marked delays in achieving the main motor milestones of sitting, crawling and walking, or such problems as poor handwriting, knocking over or dropping things, difficulty in self-help skills or poor performance in sport. Poor concentration and attention control, and physical restlessness or over-activity may be an additional problem. It is not uncommon for such children to be described by teachers as poorly motivated or lazy.
EmotionEmotion refers to a state characterized by physiological arousal, changes in facial expression, gestures, posture, and subjective feelings; a pattern of action elicited by an external
Eugen BleulerEugen Bleuler first coined the divisive term "schizophrenia" in 1911. Bleuler defined schizophrenia with his four "A's", referring to the: 1. blunted Affect (diminished emotional response to stimuli) ;. 2. loosening of Associations (by which he meant a disordered pattern of thought, inferring a cognitive deficit);. 3. Ambivalence (an apparent inability to make decisions, again suggesting a deficit of the integration and processing of incident and retrieved information) and 4. Autism (a loss of awareness of external events, and a preoccupation with the self and one's own thoughts).
Life-course perspectiveLife-course perspective refers to a theory which proposed that life course transitions decreasingly tied to age; increased continuity over time; specific life paths across domain are independent. The theory put strong emphasis on psychological, social-cultural, life cycle and less on biological forces on human development. Moreover, Life-course perspective refers to the description on how various generations experience the biological, psychological, and sociocultural forces of development in their respective historical contexts. A key feature of the Life-course perspective is the dynamic interplay between the individual and society.