The Glossary of Psychology describes everything about the World of Psychology. Terms, Treatments, biographies, ... .
- Aaron Beck
: Aaron Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island. He completed his undergraduate studies at Brown University and received his M.D. in Psychiatry at Yale University in 1946. He was initially trained as a psychoanalyst and conducted research on the psychoanalytic treatment of depression
. With out the strong ability to collect data to this end, he began exploring cognitive approaches to treatment.
During these experiments, Beck identified patterns of thinking that correlated with symptoms of depression. In an effort to better understand depression and related illness, he developed the Beck Depression Inventory
, Beck Anxiety
Inventory, and the Scale for Suicide Ideation. Beck is best known for his cognitive approach to the treatment of disorders, especially depression, and for doing much of the initial research on the theory that distorted or inaccurate thoughts are a precursor in the development and maintenance of depression.
refers to the removal of cells or tissues, usually through surgical means.
Moreover, Ablation is the surgical destruction or removal of tissue, an organ, or a precise region of a particular structure. Ablation may involve surgical cutting (excision); chemical destruction, such as injection of phenol; or the use of high frequency electrical current or radio waves. For example, pallidotomy is a procedure used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease or certain other movement disorders. The procedure involves surgical ablation of part of the internal portion of the globus pallidus (GPi)--i.e., a brain region involved in regulating movement--in an attempt to "rebalance" movement and posture control
. Once a wire probe is inserted into and precisely positioned within the GPi, it heats and destroys adjacent tissue through the emission of radio waves.
This is usually done in experiments on animals, to determine the function of a particular area.
Ablation is also called Lesioning.
Abstinence violation effect
refers to the guilt
and perceived loss of control
that a person feels whenever he or she slips and finds himself or herself returning to drug use after an extended period of abstinence.
refers to a summary or a condensed version of a study that describes its most important aspects, including major results and conclusions.
refers to harmful or injurious treatment of a person to another person which may include physical, sexual, verbal, sychological/emotional, intellectual, or spiritual maltreatment.
Abuse is a complex
psychosocial problem that affects
large numbers of adults as well as children throughout the world. It is listed in the Diagnostic and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) under the heading of "Other Conditions
That May Be a Focus of Clinical Attention." Although abuse was first defined with regard to children when it first received sustained attention
in the 1950s, clinicians and researchers now recognize that adults can suffer abuse in a number of different circumstances.