condition often leads to an increased likelihood of fractures, as well as fragile teeth, lax joints, bruising and blue or grey sclera (whites of eyes). Some people with brittle bone diseases develop deafness and some have short stature. Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is also known as Brittle bone disease
communities to thrive. Major foci are emotions and individual traits. Moreover, Positive Psychology is the branch of Psychology that studies ways of making human life better, enriching human experience, and helping people cultivate their potentialities. It is the field in Contemporary Psychology that explores the positive attributes of humans but does so in a more scientifically rigorous and less self-centered way than was usually the case with traditional Humanistic Psychology.
congenital developmental disorder or disability characterized by an opening in the spinal cord, commonly found in the lower region of the cord. The disorder is a consequence of a failure of the posterior end of the neural tube to close during gestation ; disorder in which the embryo ’s neural tube does not close properly; a bulging of the spinal cord through a gap in the spinal column. It is a developmental disability resulting from the incorrect development of the spinal cord during early pregnancy. There are three (3) main types of Spina bifida: 1. Spina bifida occulta - where the only sign of the malformation is a hair or dimple at the site of the defect on the skin of the back. 2. Spina bifida cystica - where a sac or cyst is visible on the back covered by a thin layer of skin. 3. Cranium bifida - a failure of development of the bones of the skull.
treatment of Narcolepsy which was first approved by the FDA in 1998. Narcolepsy is a condition in which there is an uncontrollable desire to sleep. Modafinil promotes wakefulness. In 2004, the FDA also approved Modafinil for the treatment of obstructive sleep Apnea and sleeping problems caused by shift work. Modafinil is said to be in common "off-label" use by college students, truckers, and others who want to stay awake when normally they should be sleeping. Also, Modafinil is reportedly being prescribed for numerous other problems including fatigue , depression, multiple sclerosis , and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). Some of these "off-label" uses may prove legitimate while others may be abuses of the drug. Modafil stimulates the brain without producing the jitteriness of caffeine or the addiction and euphoria of Amphetamines. It is believed to act by affecting Dopamine and other neurotransmitters including histamine and norepinephrine. Modafinil is sold under the brand name Provigil.