The Glossary of Psychology describes everything about the World of Psychology. Terms, Treatments, biographies, ... .
Crisis (1968) Erikson, a student of Sigmund and Anna Freud, developed a Psychosocial stage theory of development . He is most well known for his writings on child psychology. He developed a stage theory much like Sigmund Freud's Stages of Psychosexual development, but rather than sexual impulses, Erikson was concerned more with the social aspects of development. He developed his theory of Psychosocial Development where he divides the human lifespan into eight stages. Through his theories, the term 'identity crisis' was derived, as he saw each stage as having both a negative or a positive outcome, constituting a crisis at each stage of development.
alcohol syndrome refers to a disorder stemming from extensive prenatal exposure to alcohol. Children with this disorder typically suffer from problems in intellectual functioning, central nervous system dysfunction, cranial feature defects, behavior problems, growth retardation, and physical abnormalities of the face.
measurement of individual differences , as influenced by his cousin, Charles Darwin. Galton was convinced that intellectual ability is inherited, and therefore recommended Eugenics , or the selective breeding of humans. He was the first to attempt to systematically measure intelligence, to use a questionnaire to gather data, to use a word-association test , to study mental imagery, to define and use the concepts of correlation and median , and to systematically study twins.
laboratory , founded and became the first president of the American Psychological Association , and invited Freud to Clark University to give a series of lectures. Hence, Hall helped Psychoanalysis receive international recognition. Many of the beliefs contained in his two-volume book on Adolescence are now considered incorrect. Nonetheless, that work is currently seen as an important pioneering effort in educational, child, and adolescent psychology and in parent education and child welfare programs.