The Glossary of Psychology describes everything about the World of Psychology. Terms, Treatments, biographies, ... .
illness by making them more available to those needing them and more humane in their treatment . An early nursing pioneer, Dorothea Lynde Dix was a noted humanitarian, reformer, educator and crusader. She is perhaps best known for her patient advocacy in fighting to improve the conditions of jails and mental asylums in North America and Europe. She is likewise characterized as an early US nursing pioneer--predecessor and contemporary of Florence Nightingale; a strong advocate for the mentally ill and for prisoners; a Civil War Superintendent of Union Army Nurses. After the war, Dix dedicated the rest of her life to improving the lives of the mentally ill, before retiring at the age of 82. Her 41 years of empathy for the mentally ill can be summarized in her own words: "If I am cold, they are cold; if I am weary, they are distressed; if I am alone, they are abandoned." Dorothea Lynde Dix died in 1887 at the age of 85 and was buried in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
DMD refers to a relatively severe and common neuromuscular disorder that affects approximately 1 in every 3-4,000 male live births. The major characteristic of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy is the progressive weakness of all muscles; proximal muscles of the limbs are most severely affected. Difficulties in rising from the floor, running and going upstairs are usually evident in the first 2-3 years of life. Enlarged calves can be seen in most children, especially in the early phases of the disease. The weakness is progressive and children with the Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy will lose the ability to walk by the age of 13 (the average age being approximately 9). This is due to a combination of weakness and contractures affecting the ankles, knees and hips. A frequently-associated feature (30% of cases) is mild learning disability. Presentation with predominantly cognitive problems is not uncommon (such as speech delay). This is not progressive.
personality . Extraversion is associated with valuing objective experience and receiving and responding to the external world rather than thinking about one’s own perceptions or internal world. It refers to the degree to which an individual tends to seek out social contacts . Introverts are oriented primarily toward inner perceptions and judgments of concepts and ideas, whereas extraverts are oriented primarily toward social experiences. Extraversion, moreover, refers to an attitude of the psyche characterized by an orientation toward the external world and other people. People high on this dimension thrive on social interaction, readily express their opinions and feelings , like to keep busy, and prefer stimulating and challenging environments.
alcohol syndrome refers to a condition affecting the children of mothers who consume large quantities of alcohol during pregnancy; it can involve learning disabilities, attentional
difficulties, and physical and emotional disability.