The Glossary of Psychology describes everything about the World of Psychology. Terms, Treatments, biographies, ... .
assessment . In a Functional analysis, careful analyses are made of the stimuli preceding a behavior and the consequences following from it to gain a precise understanding of the causes of the behavior. It is an approach to the study of behavior that involves assessing the frequency of a behavior, the situation in which it occurs, and the reinforcers associated with it. Functional analysis is Skinner's approach to research that involves studying the systematic relationship between behavioral and environmental events. Such study focuses on the relationship between reinforcement contingencies and response rate or response probability. Functional analysis means specifying goals and treatment by assessing antecedents and consequences of a behavior. Analyze what is maintaining the behavior and propose hypotheses about contributors to the behavior. Use this information to guide treatment of the behavior and to further specify goals.
genes responsible for certain forms of disease and genetic anomalies. Couples who have reason to believe that they may carry genes for one of these disorders can be tested and advised about the probability of having children who may be afflicted.
assessment tool that examines the family 's functioning over a number of generations. It usually includes such items as dates of birth and death, names, major relationships, scapegoats , identified patient, mental illness , disabilities, cultural or ethnic issues, physical diseases, affairs, abortions , and stillbirths. Moreover, Genogram refers to a method of charting a family's relationship system . It is essentially a family tree in which ages, sex, marriage dates, and similar information may be diagrammed.
control in which a person conjures up a picture that is held in mind during a painful or stressful experience. It is the intentional visualization of images that are calming, relaxing, or beneficial in other ways. Guided imagery, moreover, is an alternative medicine technique in which patients use their imagination to visualize improved health , or to "attack" a disease, such as a tumor. Some studies indicate that the positive thinking can have an effect on disease outcome, so this technique is now utilized as "complimentary medicine" in some Oncology centers and other medical facilities.