cooperation and competition; mixed-motives dilemma in which everyone is better off cooperating, but cooperating with a competitive partner brings personal disaster. The Prisoner’s Dilemma is a concept in game theory which is used to illustrate a variety of situations. The concept is also sometimes utilized in fields like psychology and philosophy, when people want to examine why people act in the ways that they do. Credit for the development of the prisoner's dilemma is generally given to a pair of RAND researchers, Merrill Flood and Melvin Dresher, who worked in the 1950s. Albert W. Tucker refined the idea, and christened the concept "Prisoner’s Dilemma"
attachment refers to a relationship in which infants don’t seem to understand what’s happening when they are separated and later reunited with their mothers. Babies' responses are particularly notable in the reunion sequence. In the other three (3) attachment patterns, infants appear to use a coherent strategy for managing the stress of the situation. The disorganized babies have no consistent strategy: They behave in contradictory, unpredictable ways that seem to convey feelings of extreme fear or utter confusion .
personality disorder marked by low self -esteem, excessive anxiety, and wide mood swings. Neuroticism is one of the big five (5) personality categories; the opposite of emotional stability, a description of people who are anxious, tense, and worried; people high on this dimension tend to be anxious,hostile, self-conscious, depressed, impulsive , and vulnerable. Neuroticism, moreover, is a personality dimension consistently associated with discouragement, unhappiness, and hopelessness. Neuroticism includes such qualities as anxiety, hostility, and impulsiveness.
Memory loss which is also referred to as Amnesia is an abnormal degree of forgetfulness and/or inability to recall past events. Memory loss, depending on the cause, may have either a sudden or gradual onset, and it may be permanent or temporary. Memory loss may be limited to the inability to recall recent events, events from the distant past, or a combination of both. Transient global Amnesia is a rare, temporary, complete loss of all memory. Anterograde Amnesia refers to the inability to remember recent events in the aftermath of a trauma, but recollection of events in the distant past in unaltered. Retrograde Amnesia is the inability to remember events preceding a trauma, but recall of events afterwards is possible. Memory loss has multiple causes including a number of chronic medical and psychological conditions , trauma, medications, drug or alcohol abuse , and infections.