Glossary O

Obedience is acting in accord with a direct order; doing what one is told to do by people in authority; compliance to the dictates of an authority figure. Obedience refers to a form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands, usually from someone in a position of authority; conformity to a direct order or command
Obedience orientation is a characteristic of Kohlberg’s Stage 1, in which moral reasoning is based on the belief that adults know what is right and wrong
Obese refers to a medical term describing individuals who are at least 20 percent above the ideal weight for their height, age, and sex.

Obesity refers to excess of body fat resulting in a Body Mass Index (BMI which is a ratio of weight to height) of 30 or more.

Object is a term used in Psychoanalytic theory to refer, usually, to an important person in the child’s life.

- Object and location memory : Object and location memory refers to a form of spatial cognition that involves locating and remembering objects in arrays. Unlike other forms of spatial cognition, object and location memory tends to be better in females than in males and shows relatively little improvement over development.
- Object appraisal function : Object appraisal function refers to a function of attitudes by which attitudes provide rapid evaluative judgments of targets, which facilitate approach or avoidance.
- Object cathexis : Object cathexis refers to the investment of psychic energy or libido in objects outside the self , such as a person or activity. Such investment is designed to reduce needs.