Deutsch: Konvergenz / Español: Convergencia / Português: Convergência / Français: Convergence / Italiano: Convergenza

In the context of psychology, convergence refers to the tendency for attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors to become more similar within a group over time. This concept is frequently explored in social psychology, particularly in studies of group dynamics, social influence, and communication.

General Description

Convergence in psychology encompasses several processes:

  • Social Convergence: The process by which individuals within a group adopt similar behaviors, values, or norms due to social interactions and influences. This can occur through mechanisms such as socialization, peer pressure, or the desire for social harmony.
  • Cognitive Convergence: Refers to the alignment of thoughts, beliefs, or problem-solving strategies among individuals working together or influenced by each other's ideas.

This phenomenon can be observed in various settings, including workplaces, social circles, and online communities, where individuals increasingly align their views and behaviors with those of their peers.

Application Areas

  • Group Therapy: Understanding convergence can help therapists facilitate positive change by harnessing group dynamics to encourage healthier behaviors or attitudes among members.
  • Organizational Psychology: In corporate settings, convergence can play a crucial role in team building and organizational culture, as teams that converge in their goals and methods may be more effective.
  • Educational Psychology: Teachers and educational designers can use convergence principles to create learning environments that encourage students to align around educational goals and cooperative learning practices.

Treatment and Risks

Convergence can have both positive and negative implications. Positively, it can lead to increased cohesion and improved cooperation in groups. However, excessive convergence can also lead to groupthink, where the desire for harmony or conformity results in irrational or dysfunctional decision-making processes.

Similar Terms

  • Groupthink: A psychological phenomenon that occurs within a group of people, where the desire for harmony or conformity in the group results in an irrational or dysfunctional decision-making outcome.
  • Assimilation: Often used in a similar context to describe how individuals or groups take on the behaviors, values, and beliefs of another group.

Articles with 'Convergence' in the title

  • Convergence theory: Convergence theory refers to an explanation of collective behavior which assumes that individuals with similar needs, values, or goals tend to converge to form a single group


Convergence in psychology refers to the phenomenon where individuals within a group become more alike in their beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors over time. This can occur due to social influence, shared experiences, or deliberate efforts to align group members. Understanding convergence is crucial for managing group dynamics in therapeutic, educational, and organizational settings, enabling professionals to foster positive outcomes and avoid pitfalls such as groupthink.

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