Aaron Beck was born in Providence, Rhode Island. He completed his undergraduate studies at Brown University and received his M.D. in Psychiatry at Yale University in 1946.
Alfred Binet (1857 - 1911) was both a psychologist and a lawyer. His greatest accomplishment in the field of psychology lead to what we now call the Intelligence Quotient or IQ. As a member of the French commission investigating educational concerns, developed a test to measure the "mental age " (MA) of children entering school.
B = f(P,E) refers to the interactionism formula proposed by Kurt Lewin that assumes each person's behavior (B) is a function of his or her personal qualities (P), the social environment (E), and the interaction of these personal qualities with factors present in the social setting.
Babbles refer to vowel/consonant combinations that infants begin to produce at about 4 to 6 months of age.
Babbling refers to the infant''s preferential production largely of those distinct phonemes - both vowels and consonant which are characteristic of the infant's own language .