Autosome refers to a chromosome not involved in sex determination. The diploid human genome consists of 46 chromosomes: 22 pairs of autosomes and 1 pair of sex chromosomes (the X and Y chromosomes).

Related Articles

Meiosis at psychology-glossary.com■■■
Meiosis refers to the process by which a germ cell divides, producing gametes (sperm or ova) that each . . . Read More
Sex chromosomes at psychology-glossary.com■■■
Sex chromosomes refer to chromosome that determines the sex of a person. Humans have two (2) sex chromosomes, . . . Read More
Fertilization at psychology-glossary.com■■
Fertilization is defined as the union of two (2) gametes, which occurs when a haploid sperm and a haploid . . . Read More
Autosomes at psychology-glossary.com■■
Autosomes refer to the the 22 pairs of human chromosomes that are identical in males and females (non-sex . . . Read More
Chromosome at psychology-glossary.com■■
Chromosome refers to strand of DNA bearing the genes ; a threadlike structure in the nucleus of a cell . . . Read More
Independent assortment at psychology-glossary.com■■
Independent assortment: Independent assortment refers to the principle that each pair of Chromosomes . . . Read More
Heterozygous at psychology-glossary.com■■
Heterozygous when the alleles in a pair of chromosomes differ from each other; having two (2) two different . . . Read More
Cumulative relation at psychology-glossary.com■■
Cumulative relation is a term in heredity , when the allelic states of a gene in a single pair of chromosomes . . . Read More
Homozygous at psychology-glossary.com■■
Homozygous means having two (2) identical genes for a given characteristic; when the alleles in a pair . . . Read More
Nondisjunction at psychology-glossary.com■■
Nondisjunction refers to the failure of the 21st pair of the mother’s chromosomes to separate during . . . Read More