Deutsch: Kontingenz / Español: Contingencia / Português: Contingência / Français: Contingence / Italiano: Contingenza /

Contingency refers to the relationship between a response and its outcome in operant conditioning or the conditioned stimulus-unconditioned stimulus relationship in classical conditioning.

Moreover;Contingency is a consequence. The outcome of a behavior. What follows behavior. Positive and negative contingencies define the various kinds of reinforcement and punishment. Contingency implies dependency. Events are said to be contingent when the occurrence of one depends on the occurrence of the other. For example, daylight is contingent on sunrise; good grades are contingent on studying or intelligence, or good luck, etc. Contingency is also defined a predictive relationship between two events such that the occurrence of one event predicts the probable occurrence of the other.

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