Appearance/reality distinction refers to the ability to keep the true properties or characteristics of an object in mind despite the deceptive appearance the object has assumed; notably lacking among young children during the preconceptual period. It is the knowledge that the appearance of an object does not necessarily correspond to its reality. Moreover, it is the difference between real events on the one hand and mental events, fantasies , and misleading appearances on the other hand.

Related Articles

Concrete operations at■■■■■■■
Concrete operations refers to the third stage in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development applying . . . Read More
Intuitive thought at■■■■■
Intuitive thought refers to thinking that makes little or no use of reasoning and logic. - Intuitive . . . Read More
Conservation at■■■■■
Conservation refers to the concept that physical changes do not alter the mass, weight, number, or volume . . . Read More
Early recollections at■■■■■
Early recollections refer to memories of actual incidents that patients recall from their childhood. . . . Read More
Overextension at■■■■■
Overextension is the use of words in situations in which their meanings become extended or inappropriate; . . . Read More
Whole-object assumption at■■■■■
Whole-object assumption refers to a word-learning constraint according to which children assume that . . . Read More
Mental image at■■■■
Mental image is a form of representational thought that involves the ability to hold the picture of a . . . Read More
Down syndrome at■■■■
Down syndrome refers to the type of mental retardation caused by a chromosomal aberration (chromosome . . . Read More
Gender constancy at■■■■
Gender constancy refers to the concept that one's sex remains the same despite superficial changes in . . . Read More
Counterfactual thinking at■■■■
Counterfactual thinking literally means "contrary to the facts". It also refers to thinking about "what . . . Read More