Civil society organizations or CSOs refer to organizations which govern themselves, employ staff and provide certain products or services to the community. Civil society organizations are general set up to make a profit.

In psychology, civil society organizations (CSOs) refer to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that operate independently of the state and are typically focused on promoting social and political change. These organizations are often driven by a specific cause or issue and aim to influence public opinion, policy, and practice. Here are some examples of civil society organizations:

  1. Human rights organizations: Human rights organizations are CSOs that are dedicated to promoting and protecting human rights. Examples include Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and the International Federation for Human Rights.

  2. Environmental organizations: Environmental organizations are CSOs that are focused on promoting environmental protection and conservation. Examples include Greenpeace, Sierra Club, and the World Wildlife Fund.

  3. Health organizations: Health organizations are CSOs that are focused on promoting health and well-being. Examples include the World Health Organization, Doctors Without Borders, and the American Cancer Society.

  4. Advocacy organizations: Advocacy organizations are CSOs that are focused on promoting social and political change through advocacy and public education. Examples include the American Civil Liberties Union, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), and the Human Rights Campaign.

  5. Community-based organizations: Community-based organizations are CSOs that are focused on promoting community development and empowerment. Examples include local community centers, youth groups, and community organizing groups.

Overall, civil society organizations play an important role in promoting social and political change, advancing human rights, and addressing social issues. Through their advocacy, public education, and grassroots mobilization, CSOs can bring about meaningful and lasting change in society.

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