Community is a group of people living in the same geographic area, such as neighborhood, town, or city under common laws; it is also a group of people having fellowship, a friendly association , a mutual sharing, and common interests.
In the psychology context, community refers to a group of people who share common values, beliefs, and behaviors and who interact with one another on a regular basis. Communities can be large or small, and they can be based on various factors, such as geographic location, ethnicity, religion, interests, or shared experiences.
- Neighborhood communities
- Religious communities
- Professional communities (e.g. medical, legal)
- Online communities (e.g. forums, social media groups)
- Support groups (e.g. for individuals with mental health concerns, substance use disorders, or chronic illness)
Communities can provide a sense of belonging and connection for their members, and can also offer support, resources, and opportunities for growth and development. Research has shown that being a part of a supportive community can have positive effects on an individual's mental health and well-being. On the other hand, being isolated from a community or feeling disconnected from others can have negative effects on mental health.