George Berkeley (1685-1753) one of the earliest theorists who said that the only thing humans experience directly is their own perceptions, or secondary qualities.


Berkeley offered an empirical explanation of the perception of distance, saying that people learn to associate the sensations caused by the convergence and divergence of the eyes with different distances. Berkeley denied materialism, saying instead that reality exists because God perceives it. Humans can trust their senses to reflect God's perceptions because God would not create a sensory system that would deceive us.

Related Articles

David Hume (1711-1776) at■■■■■■■■
- David Hume (1711-1776) : David Hume agreed with Berkeley that humans could experience only their own . . . Read More
William of Occam (ca. 1285- 1349) at■■■■■■■
William of Occam (ca. 1285- 1349) early Psychologist who denied the contention of the realists that what . . . Read More
Depersonalization at■■■■■
Depersonalization means altering of perception that causes people to temporarily lose a sense of their . . . Read More
Aristotle at■■■■■
Aristotle (Greek, 384–322 BC.)  was a disciple of Plato erroneously believed that the heart is the . . . Read More
Neurotic needs at■■■■■
Neurotic needs refer to ten (10) irrational defenses against Anxiety that become a permanent part of . . . Read More
Impressions at■■■■■
Impressions is a term according to Hume that refers to the relatively strong mental experiences caused . . . Read More
Allegory of the cave at■■■■
Allegory of the cave refers to Plato's description of individuals who live their lives in accordance . . . Read More
Inferiority complex at■■■■
Inferiority complex refers to a strong and pervasive belief that one is not as good as other people. . . . Read More
Life review at■■■■
Life review refers to the process by which people reflect on the events and experiences of their lifetimes. . . . Read More
Ewald Hering (1834-1918) at■■■■
- Ewald Hering (1834-1918) : Ewald Hering offered a nativistic explanation of Space perception and a . . . Read More