Explanation refer to statements that make a set of events intelligible.
In psychology, "explanation" refers to the process of providing a reason or rationale for a particular phenomenon or observation. Explanation can involve the use of theories, models, or evidence to describe or understand a particular aspect of behavior, cognition, or emotion. Here are a few examples of how "explanation" might be used in the field of psychology:
Explanation of a particular behavior: Psychologists may seek to explain a particular behavior by identifying the underlying causes or determinants of that behavior. This might involve identifying the role of genetics, the environment, or cognitive processes in shaping the behavior.
Explanation of a psychological disorder: Psychologists may seek to explain the causes and maintaining factors of a particular psychological disorder, such as depression or anxiety. This might involve identifying the role of genetics, early life experiences, or cognitive biases in the development and maintenance of the disorder.
Explanation of a cognitive process: Psychologists may seek to explain how a particular cognitive process, such as memory or attention, works. This might involve identifying the underlying neural mechanisms or the role of different brain regions in the process.
Explanation of a social phenomenon: Psychologists may seek to explain social phenomena, such as group dynamics or the influence of culture on behavior. This might involve the use of theories or models to describe the processes underlying the phenomenon.