English: Trauma-Informed Care / Deutsch: Traumasensible Betreuung / Español: Atención informada sobre el trauma / Português: Cuidado Informado sobre Trauma / Français: Prise en charge sensibilisée aux traumatismes / Italiano: Assistenza basata sulla consapevolezza del trauma

In the psychology context, Trauma-Informed Care (TIC) is an approach to treatment that acknowledges the widespread impact of trauma on individuals' mental, physical, and emotional health. TIC involves recognizing the signs and symptoms of trauma in clients, patients, and in the workforce, integrating this knowledge into policies, procedures, and practices, and seeking to actively avoid re-traumatization. This approach is based on an understanding of the vulnerabilities and triggers of trauma survivors, ensuring that the care provided is respectful, collaborative, and empowering, promoting a sense of safety, trustworthiness, and choice.

General Description

Trauma-Informed Care shifts the focus from asking "What's wrong with you?" to "What happened to you?", recognizing that traumatic experiences can profoundly influence individuals' behaviors, relationships, and coping mechanisms. It emphasizes physical, psychological, and emotional safety for both providers and survivors, helping to rebuild a sense of control and empowerment.

Application Areas

  • Healthcare Settings: Incorporating trauma awareness into patient care in hospitals, clinics, and mental health services to improve health outcomes and patient satisfaction.
  • Social Services: Applying TIC principles in child welfare agencies, homeless services, and domestic violence shelters to support the recovery of survivors.
  • Educational Systems: Creating safe learning environments that recognize and respond to the needs of students affected by trauma.
  • Justice System: Implementing TIC in correctional facilities and in the treatment of offenders to reduce recidivism and support rehabilitation.

Risks and Challenges

Implementing Trauma-Informed Care requires significant shifts in organizational culture, policies, and practices, which can be challenging. It demands ongoing training, support, and supervision for staff, along with a commitment to change at all levels of an organization. There's also the risk of vicarious traumatization among caregivers, emphasizing the need for self-care and organizational support mechanisms.


Trauma-Informed Care represents a fundamental rethinking of how services are provided to individuals affected by trauma, emphasizing safety, understanding, and support. By recognizing the prevalence and impact of trauma, TIC aims to promote healing and recovery, while minimizing the risks of re-traumatization, making it an essential component of effective care across various settings.