Addiction refers to a chronic, relapsing disease, characterized by compulsive drug-seeking and drug use and by neurochemical and molecular changes in the brain.

Dependence on a drug such that stopping results in withdrawal.
So, Addiction refers to the physical dependence on a substance (e.g., alcohol, drugs, cigarette) such that withdrawal symptoms are experienced when deprived of that substance. It is the state of physical or psychological dependence on a substance that develops when that substance is used over a period of time; a form of habitual dependence upon analgesics (e.g., narcotic drugs) characterized by psychological "highs” and a subsequent craving for steadily escalating doses

Description

Addiction, in the psychology context, refers to a complex condition characterized by the compulsive engagement in a specific activity or substance despite harmful consequences. It involves a persistent craving or urge to use the substance or engage in the behavior, often leading to a loss of control over one's actions. Individuals with addiction may experience withdrawal symptoms when unable to satisfy their cravings, further reinforcing the cycle of dependence. This behavior can have a significant impact on various aspects of a person's life, including relationships, work, and overall well-being. Addiction is considered a chronic brain disorder, affecting the brain's reward, motivation, and memory functions. It is essential to approach addiction as a multidimensional issue that requires comprehensive treatment and support.

Application Areas

  • Clinical psychology
  • Substance abuse counseling
  • Rehabilitation programs
  • Behavioral therapy
  • Neuropsychology research

Treatment and Risks

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Pharmacological interventions
  • Support groups and counseling
  • Detoxification programs
  • Relapse prevention strategies

Examples

  • Alcohol addiction
  • Opioid addiction
  • Internet addiction
  • Gambling addiction
  • Work addiction

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Substance dependence
  • Compulsive behavior
  • Dependency syndrome
  • Substance use disorder
  • Impulse control disorder

Articles with 'Addiction' in the title

  • Learning model of addiction: Learning model of addiction refers to the model of addiction which examines the role of the environment, learning, and culture in encouraging or discouraging drug abuse and addiction

Summary

Addiction in the psychology context involves compulsive engagement in activities or use of substances despite negative consequences, often leading to loss of control and harmful outcomes. It is considered a chronic brain disorder that affects various cognitive functions. Treatment typically involves a combination of therapies and interventions to address the complex nature of addiction.

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