Deutsch: Gehirn

The brain (latin: Cerebrum) is controlling the human body and together with the spinal cord make up the central nervous system. It is protected by the bones of the head.

From the rational view, it contains mostly everything which makes a human, e.g. knowledge, intelligence, behavior, character, soul, etc. Except for the genes there is no other location identified, even when we still don't know, where and how the intelligence and a character or even the soul is located and stored.

Description

The brain is the complex organ in the human body responsible for processing information, emotions, and behaviors. It controls our thoughts, memories, movements, and even our involuntary actions such as breathing and heartbeat. The brain is divided into different areas, each with specific functions such as the frontal lobe for decision-making and the amygdala for emotions. Neurotransmitters and hormones play a crucial role in regulating brain functions, influencing our mood, motivation, and overall mental health. The brain constantly adapts and changes through neuroplasticity, allowing for learning and memory formation.

Application Areas

  • Neuropsychology
  • Cognitive psychology
  • Psychopharmacology
  • Clinical psychology
  • Developmental psychology

Treatment and Risks

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Medication
  • Brain stimulation techniques
  • Psychosurgery
  • Risks include brain injury, cognitive impairments, and mental health disorders

Examples

  • Studying brain activity using fMRI
  • Neurofeedback therapy for ADHD
  • Treating depression with SSRIs
  • Conducting cognitive assessments for dementia
  • Examining brain development in children

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Mind
  • Cognitive function
  • Cerebral processes
  • Neurological system
  • Central nervous system

Weblinks

  • top500.de: 'Brain' in the glossary of the top500.de

Summary

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