Deutsch: Zustand / Español: Condición / Português: Condição / Français: État / Italiano: Condizione /

Condition refers to a term with a number of biomedical meanings, among them are:

1. An unhealthy state, such as in "this is a progressive condition."
2. A state of fitness, such as "getting into condition."
3. Something that is essential to the occurrence of something else; essentially a "precondition."
4. As a verb: to cause a change in something so that a response that was previously associated with a certain stimulus becomes associated with another stimulus; to condition a person, as in behavioral conditioning.


In psychology, "condition" typically refers to the state or characteristic of an individual's mental or emotional well-being. It can encompass a wide range of aspects, including mood disorders, personality traits, cognitive abilities, and overall psychological functioning. Conditions can vary greatly in severity, duration, and impact on daily functioning, ranging from mild and temporary states to chronic and debilitating disorders. Psychologists often assess and diagnose various conditions through standardized measures, clinical observation, and interviews to understand their underlying causes and implications for treatment. Additionally, conditions can be influenced by a multitude of factors such as genetics, environment, upbringing, and life experiences, making each individual's condition unique and complex.

Application Areas

  • Clinical psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Health psychology
  • Educational psychology

Treatment and Risks

  • Treatments may include psychotherapy, medication, lifestyle modifications, and behavioral interventions tailored to address specific conditions.
  • Risks associated with treating conditions include potential side effects of medications, resistance to therapy, and the exacerbation of symptoms if treatment is not appropriately tailored or monitored.


  • Depression: a mood disorder characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities.
  • Anxiety disorders: conditions involving excessive worry, fear, or apprehension, such as generalized anxiety disorder or social anxiety disorder.
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties with attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Mental state
  • Psychological state
  • Emotional condition
  • Mental health status
  • Psychological well-being



In psychology, "condition" refers to the state of an individual's mental or emotional well-being, encompassing a broad range of characteristics such as mood, personality traits, and cognitive functioning. These conditions can vary in severity and impact, influenced by genetic, environmental, and experiential factors. Treatment approaches may include therapy, medication, and lifestyle modifications, but there are also risks associated with treatment, such as side effects and treatment resistance. Understanding and addressing psychological conditions are essential in various areas of psychology, including clinical, counseling, and neuropsychology, to improve individuals' overall well-being and functioning.


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