Acidosis is an abnormal increase in blood hydrogen ion concentration, that is, arterial pH below 7.35).

It refers to a condition where there is an excess of acid in the body fluids, which can lead to a variety of physiological and neurological symptoms. Acidosis can be caused by a variety of factors, including respiratory problems, metabolic imbalances, and certain medical conditions. Here are some examples of acidosis:

  1. Diabetic ketoacidosis: This is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin, leading to a buildup of ketones and acids in the blood.

  2. Lactic acidosis: This occurs when there is an excess of lactic acid in the body, which can be caused by intense exercise, liver or kidney disease, or certain medications.

  3. Respiratory acidosis: This occurs when the lungs cannot remove enough carbon dioxide from the body, leading to an increase in acid levels.

  4. Metabolic acidosis: This occurs when there is an excess of acid in the body due to a disruption in normal metabolic processes, such as kidney disease or poisoning.

  5. Acidosis in newborns: This can occur when a baby is born prematurely or has certain medical conditions, and can lead to neurological symptoms such as seizures or developmental delays.

Overall, acidosis is a medical condition that can have serious implications for health and well-being. It is typically treated with medication and lifestyle changes, and can be managed effectively with proper medical care.

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