Deutsch: Blockieren / Español: Bloqueo / Português: Bloqueio / Français: Blocage / Italiano: Blocco /

Blocking is when an individual is not open to their own intuition and is analyzing, justifying and explaining their thoughts and experiences they are said to be blocking.

Moreover Blocking refers to a phenomenon in which an organism does not learn a new stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus, because the new stimulus is presented simultaneously with a stimulus that is already effective as a signal. Blocking is when a previously learned conditioned stimulus (CS) "blocks" learning to a new conditioned stimulus (CS) presented in a compound with it because the new one is redundant. Blocking is a phenomenon in classical conditioning in which conditioning to a specific stimulus becomes difficult or impossible because of prior conditioning to another stimulus.

Description

Blocking is a phenomenon in psychology where previously learned information interferes with the ability to remember new information. It occurs when a person is unable to recall a memory because another memory overshadows it. This interference can result in the new memory being "blocked" or inhibited from being retrieved. Blocking can happen in various contexts, such as when trying to recall a word, a specific event, or a piece of knowledge. It is often associated with the concept of memory retrieval and can be influenced by factors like stress, distraction, or competition between memories. Researchers study blocking to gain a better understanding of memory processes and how information is stored and retrieved in the brain.

Application Areas

  • Memory research
  • Learning and education
  • Cognitive psychology studies

Treatment and Risks

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Memory enhancement techniques
  • Risks include memory confusion and cognitive overload

Examples

  • Forgetting someone's name because a similar name is more prominent in memory
  • Having difficulty recalling a specific fact because a related fact keeps coming to mind
  • Experiencing interference in remembering a particular event due to memories of other events

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Interference
  • Memory inhibition
  • Memory interference

Articles with 'Blocking' in the title

  • Production blocking: Production blocking refers to a loss of productivity that occurs when group and procedural factors obstruct the group’s progress toward its goals, particularly when individuals in a brainstorming session are delayed in stating their . . .

Weblinks

Summary

Blocking in psychology refers to the interference of previously learned information with the ability to remember new information. It occurs when a memory is inhibited from being retrieved due to the overshadowing effect of another memory. Researchers study blocking to understand memory processes and how information is stored and recalled in the brain. Treatment for blocking may involve cognitive-behavioral therapy and memory enhancement techniques, while risks include memory confusion and cognitive overload.

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