Confirmation Bias refers to a type of selective thinking whereby one tends to notice and to look for what confirms one's beliefs, and to ignore, not look for, or undervalue the relevance of what contradicts one's beliefs.

In other words, it's the tendency to look for evidence that is consistent with one's preconception's and to avoid, downplay, or not notice information that is inconsistent with one's prior ideas. In psychology, confirmation bias is a phenomenon whereby, in a variety of settings, decision makers have been shown to notice more, assign more weight to, and actively seek out evidence that confirms their claims, and tend to ignore and not seek out evidence which might discount their claims. As such, it can be thought of as a form of selection bias in collecting evidence.

Related Articles

Confirmation bias at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Confirmation bias is a a tendency to search for information that confirms one's preconceptions. Confirmation . . . Read More
Idols of the theater at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Idols of the theater refers to Bacon's term for the inhibition of objective inquiry that results when . . . Read More
Basic suggestion effect at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Basic suggestion effect refers to the tendency of hypnotized persons to carry out suggested actions as . . . Read More
Stubbornness at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Stubbornness in the Psychology Context: Stubbornness is a psychological trait characterized by a resolute . . . Read More
Doubt at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Doubt is defined as a sense of uncertainty about one's abilities and one's worth. In the context of psychology, . . . Read More
Supposition at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Supposition in the context of psychology refers to a cognitive process where an individual assumes or . . . Read More
Speculation at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
In psychology, speculation refers to the act of forming a hypothesis or a theory based on limited or . . . Read More
Media at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Media is defined as all forms of public communication, such as television, radio, etc. In the psychology . . . Read More
Ignorance at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Ignorance is an organizational climate in which important information is not available. In psychology, . . . Read More
Perseverance effect at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Perseverance effect refers to the tendency for people to make self-evaluations that are consistent with . . . Read More