Deutsch: Offenlegung / Español: divulgación / Português: divulgação / Français: divulgation / Italiano: divulgazione

Disclosure means sharing information with others about whether one is gay, lesbian, or bisexual.

In psychology, disclosure refers to the act of revealing personal information, thoughts, feelings, or experiences to others. It is a significant concept in therapeutic settings, interpersonal relationships, and research. Disclosure is often studied in terms of its impact on mental health, relationship dynamics, and therapeutic outcomes.


Disclosure in psychology is crucial for building trust and fostering intimacy in relationships. It involves a voluntary sharing of private or sensitive information, which can play a therapeutic role by alleviating stress, enhancing understanding, and promoting emotional healing. In therapeutic contexts, the process of clients disclosing personal issues to a therapist is fundamental to the effectiveness of the treatment. Psychologists also examine factors that influence an individual’s willingness to disclose, such as trust, perceived empathy, and the expected outcomes of sharing personal information.

Application Areas

Disclosure is relevant in several areas of psychology:

  • Clinical psychology: Understanding how and why clients disclose or withhold personal information can help therapists tailor their approaches to support the client’s therapeutic journey.
  • Social psychology: Explores how disclosure affects social bonds and individual well-being within various social and cultural contexts.
  • Health psychology: Studies how disclosing health-related information affects patient outcomes and interpersonal relationships within medical settings.

Well-Known Examples

An example of research into psychological disclosure includes studies on the benefits of expressive writing, where individuals write about traumatic or emotionally charged experiences as a way to psychologically process and disclose these events, often leading to improved health and psychological well-being.

Treatment and Risks

In therapeutic settings, managing disclosure involves:

  • Therapeutic Techniques: Therapists use techniques such as active listening, empathy, and non-judgmental responses to encourage disclosure and support clients in exploring their feelings and experiences.
  • Risks of Disclosure: While disclosure can be beneficial, inappropriate or untimely disclosure can also lead to increased vulnerability, stigma, or emotional distress, particularly if the disclosure environment is not supportive or safe.

Symptoms, Therapy, and Healing

  • Therapy Techniques: Techniques to facilitate disclosure in therapy might include motivational interviewing, which encourages clients to talk about their thoughts and behaviors, and narrative therapy, which helps clients tell their stories.
  • Healing Process: Effective disclosure can lead to reduced feelings of isolation, better stress management, and improved mental health. The process of sharing and feeling understood is often a crucial step in recovery and healing from psychological distress.

Articles with 'Disclosure' in the title

  • Content self-disclosure: Content self-disclosure: Content self-disclosure refers to a type of self-disclosure in which the clinician reveals information about himself or herself
  • Disclosure reciprocity: Disclosure reciprocity refers to the tendency for one person's intimacy of self-disclosure to match that of a conversational partner- Other /More definition: Disclosure reciprocity refers to the tendency for one person's intimacy of self-di . . .
  • Emotional disclosure: Emotional disclosure refers to a therapeutic technique whereby people express their strong emotions by talking or writing about the events that precipitated them
  • Self disclosure: Self disclosure refers to the process in which therapists or counselors discuss aspects of their own lives in Order to enhance therapeutic progress with clients


In psychology, disclosure is the act of sharing personal information, which is vital for therapeutic progress, relationship building, and personal well-being. It is a nuanced process that must be handled with care, especially in clinical and social contexts, to protect individuals from potential negative repercussions while harnessing the benefits of open communication.


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