Equilibration is a term in Piaget's Theory referring to the process by which Balance is restored to the cognitive structures through Assimilation and Accommodation as a way of incorporating new events or knowledge. Acccording to Piaget, Equilibration is a process by which children reorganize their schemes to return to a state of equilibrium when disequilibrium occurs.

Equilibration refer to efforts to reconcile new perspectives and ideas about basic moral concepts, such as justice, intentionality, and social responsibility, with one's existing views about what is right and wrong when a stage change occurs.