Intrauterine Device (IUD) refers to small, plastic contraceptive device that is inserted into a woman’s uterus.
An Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a form of long-acting reversible contraception that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It is a small T-shaped device made of plastic or copper, which is inserted by a healthcare provider through the cervix and into the uterus. The device works by preventing sperm from fertilizing the egg or by preventing the fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.
IUDs are one of the most effective forms of contraception, with a failure rate of less than 1%. There are two types of IUDs: hormonal and copper. Hormonal IUDs release progestin, a hormone that thickens cervical mucus and thins the lining of the uterus, making it harder for sperm to reach the egg. Copper IUDs, on the other hand, release copper ions which are toxic to sperm.
Examples of IUDs include Mirena, Skyla, Kyleena, Liletta, and Paragard. Mirena, Skyla, Kyleena, and Liletta are hormonal IUDs, while Paragard is a copper IUD.
It is important to note that IUDs do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and some women may experience side effects such as cramping, irregular bleeding, or pelvic pain. It is important to discuss the risks and benefits of IUD use with a healthcare provider.