Membrane refers to structure that separates the inside of a cell from the outside.
In psychology, "membrane" typically refers to the cell membrane, which is a thin, flexible barrier that surrounds the cells of living organisms. The cell membrane is composed of lipids and proteins and plays a vital role in regulating what enters and exits the cell. Here are a few examples of how "membrane" might be used in the field of psychology:
Membrane potential: The cell membrane is capable of generating electrical potential, which is the difference in electrical charge between the inside and outside of the cell. This electrical potential is important for a variety of physiological processes, including the transmission of nerve impulses.
Membrane transport: The cell membrane controls what enters and exits the cell through a process called membrane transport. This can involve the movement of molecules through channels or pores in the membrane, or the active transport of molecules across the membrane using energy from ATP.
Membrane receptors: The cell membrane is also home to a variety of receptors, which are proteins that bind to specific molecules and transmit signals across the membrane. These receptors are important for a variety of functions, including hormone signaling and immune system responses.
Membrane damage: The cell membrane can be damaged by a variety of factors, such as physical trauma, chemical exposure, or disease. Damage to the cell membrane can lead to a variety of problems, including cell death or impaired function.