Theory of Multiple Intelligences refers to the cognitive theory developed by Howard Gardner, that each individual possesses multiple intelligences rather than one single intelligence.

Based on evidence from psychology, biology, and anthropology, Gardner delineates criteria used to define eight specific human intelligences: Linguistic, Logical-Mathematical, Bodily-Kinesthetic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, Musical, Spatial, and Naturalist. According to Gardner, these intelligences are both biological and learned or developed. Though everyone possesses these intelligences, individuals differ in which intelligences are more developed than others. The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults