Glossary A

Autism refers to a severe pervasive developmental disorder characterized by profound problems in social interaction, communication, and stereotyped behaviour, interests, and activities.

Autistic aloneness refers to a term proposed by Leo Kanner in his description of autistic children, referring to one of the central symptoms of the disorder, namely, the profound separation and disconnection of autistic individuals from other people.

Autistic disorder refers to a severe childhood disorder characterized by qualitative impairment in social interaction and/or communication; restricted, stereotyped interest and activities; and delays or abnormal functioning in a major area before the age of three.

Autistic Disorder refers to a pervasive developmental disorder involving massive impairment in an individual's ability to communicate and relate emotionally to others.

Autistic Spectrum Disorder refers to a complex developmental disability that affects the way a person communicates and relates to people around them.

Autistic Spectrum Disorders include several pervasive Developmental disorders (PDDs), all characterized by significant impairments in social and Communication skills, and stereotyped

Auto-erotic asphyxiation (AEA) is the term used to describe the practice of cutting off the blood supply to the brain through self -applied suffocation methods while masturbating to orgasm .

Autobiographical memories refer to memories about one’s own past thoughts, feelings , and behaviours.