Basal ganglia also called the Basal nuclei (deep nuclei of the telencephalon) refers to set of subcortical forebrain structures lateral to the hypothalamus. The Structures include the caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, substantia nigra, and subthalamic nuclei. Important relay stations in motor behavior, for example, the striato-pallidothalamic loop. Coordinate stereotyped postural and reflexive motor activity; forebrain structures important for motor control.

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