In the psychology context, "basal" refers to the basic or underlying level of functioning or activity in a person's physiology, cognition, or behavior. It can be used in various ways, depending on the specific domain of psychology.
For example, in the context of basal metabolic rate (BMR), it refers to the amount of energy expended by an individual at rest. In neuropsychology, the term "basal ganglia" refers to a group of structures located in the brain that are involved in motor control, among other functions. In personality psychology, "basal personality traits" refer to the most fundamental and stable dimensions of an individual's personality, such as extraversion or neuroticism.
Other examples of the use of "basal" in psychology include:
- Basal cortisol levels: the level of cortisol, a hormone released in response to stress, during a period of rest
- Basal forebrain: a group of structures in the brain that are involved in arousal, attention, and memory
- Basal state: a condition in which a person is relaxed and not undergoing any significant stress or stimulation.