Glossary C

Categorical identifications refers to self -understanding that relies on the categories one fits into, such as physical characteristics and religion.

Categorical imperative is a term which is according to Kant is the moral directive that humans should always act in such a way that the maxims governing human moral decisions could be used as a guide for everyone else's moral behavior .

Categorical perception is the discontinuous categories of speech sounds. In speech perception, perceiving one sound at short voice onset times and another sound at longer voice onset times. The listener perceives only two (2) categories across the whole range of voice onset times. It is the perception of stimuli that vary along a physical continuum as belonging to discrete categories. Moreover, it is the inability to discriminate sounds within a phonemic category . Please see also Phoneme boundary effect.

Categorical self refers to a person’s classification of the self along socially significant dimensions such as age and sex; definitions of the self that refer to concrete external traits .

Categorical syllogism refers to a deductive argument in which the relationship among the three (3) terms in the two (2) premises involves categorical membership

Categories means discrete classifications . Many of the mental disorders in the current diagnostic system are presented as categorical in nature, meaning that people are judged either to have the disorder or not have it.

Categories of thought refer to those innate attributes of the mind that Kant postulated to explain subjective experiences we have that cannot be explained in terms of sensory experience alone, like for example - the experiences of time, causality, and space.

Categorization refers to a Brunerian concept referring to the process of identifying objects or events on the basis of the attributes they share with other instances. Likewise, Categorization is also defined as: 1. the organization of information into coherent, meaningful groups;. 2. the process of arranging, classifying, recognizing and identifying or describing somethings by labeling or naming; or 3. the natural tendency of humans to sort objects into groups. (see Category )