Cerebral Palsy refers to a general term for a group of permanent brain injuries that affect an infant in the womb, during birth, or in the months following birth.
It is due to damage or failure in development of the part of the brain concerned with movement. Adjacent parts of the brain may also be injured and this may lead to poor sight, deafness or other perceptual difficulties. There are three (3) main forms of cerebral palsy: 1. Ataxia - unsteady gait with problems of balance. 2. Athetosis - frequent involuntary movements 3. Pasticity - disordered control of movement often associated with tight muscles.