Emotional state refers to the part of the mental status examination that assesses the client’s affect and mood. Affect is the client’s current, prevailing feeling state, as in happy, sad, joyful, angry, depressed, etc., and may also be reported as constricted or full, appropriate or inappropriate to content, labile, flat, blunted, exaggerated, and so forth. Mood represents the long-term, underlying emotional well-being of the client.


An emotional state refers to a person's current mood or feeling at a particular moment in time. These states can range from positive emotions, such as happiness and excitement, to negative emotions, such as sadness and anger. Emotional states play a crucial role in shaping how individuals perceive and interact with the world around them. They can be influenced by a variety of factors, including external events, internal thoughts, and physiological changes in the body. Understanding and managing emotional states is an important aspect of psychology, as they can impact behavior, decision-making, and overall well-being.

Application Areas

  • Clinical psychology
  • Therapy and counseling
  • Emotion regulation research
  • Occupational psychology

Treatment and Risks

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Mindfulness practices
  • Medication for mood disorders
  • Risks include emotional dysregulation and mental health issues


  • Feeling anxious before a job interview
  • Experiencing joy when receiving good news
  • Feeling anger towards a friend after an argument

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Emotional wellbeing
  • Affective state
  • Emotional experience


An emotional state in psychology refers to an individual's current mood or feeling, which can range from positive to negative emotions. These states are influenced by various factors and play a significant role in shaping behavior and well-being. Understanding and managing emotional states is crucial in psychology for overall mental health and functioning.