Deutsch: Achtsamkeit / Español: Atención Plena / Português: Atenção Plena / Français: Pleine Conscience / Italiano: Mindfulness

Mindfulness also "being mindful" is being aware of your present moment in a non-judgmental way, with acceptance; a state of open, non-judgmental awareness of current experience. Moreover, it is a way of experiencing oneself in the present. In doing so, one is relaxed, open, and alert.

Mindfulness in the psychology context refers to the practice of being fully present and engaged in the moment, aware of one’s thoughts, emotions, and sensations in a non-judgmental way. Originating from Buddhist meditation practices, mindfulness has been integrated into Western psychology as a means to reduce stress, enhance emotional regulation, and improve overall mental health and well-being.

General Description

Mindfulness involves the conscious direction of one's attention to the experiences occurring in the present moment. It is characterized by attitudes of openness, curiosity, and acceptance. Practicing mindfulness can help individuals recognize and step back from habitual, often unconscious emotional and physiological reactions to everyday events.

Areas of Application

  • Stress Reduction: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) programs are widely used to manage stress.
  • Mental Health: Treatments incorporating mindfulness, such as mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), are effective for preventing depression relapse, anxiety, and other mental health issues.
  • Physical Health: Mindfulness practices have been linked to improvements in various physical health indicators, such as lowering blood pressure and enhancing immune response.
  • Performance Enhancement: Mindfulness can improve concentration, attention, and the ability to perform under pressure.

Well-Known Examples

  • Jon Kabat-Zinn’s Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, which has been widely adopted in hospitals, schools, and workplaces.
  • Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT), developed by Zindel Segal, Mark Williams, and John Teasdale, which combines mindfulness practices with elements of cognitive therapy to prevent depression relapse.


While mindfulness is generally considered safe, it may not be suitable for everyone. In some cases, individuals with certain mental health conditions might experience increased anxiety or distress when practicing mindfulness. It is important to approach mindfulness practice under the guidance of a qualified instructor, especially for those with existing mental health issues.


Mindfulness can be practiced through formal meditation practices or informally by bringing mindful awareness to daily activities. Formal practices include sitting meditation, body scan, and mindful movement, such as yoga or walking meditation. Informal practices involve paying deliberate attention to one's experiences while engaging in everyday activities.

History and Legal Basics

Mindfulness has its roots in ancient Buddhist meditation practices but was introduced to Western medicine and psychology in the late 20th century by figures such as Jon Kabat-Zinn. Since then, it has been the subject of extensive research and has been incorporated into various therapeutic modalities across psychological disciplines.


Mindfulness in psychology is a practice that focuses on being fully present and engaged in the moment without judgment. It has been adopted widely in psychological therapies to reduce stress, improve mental and physical health, and enhance quality of life. Mindfulness encourages an open, curious, and accepting attitude towards one's experiences, promoting greater awareness and emotional regulation.

See also the article about the life balance.


Related Articles

Personal Development at■■■■■■■■■■
Personal Development: In the psychology context, personal development refers to the process of self-improvement . . . Read More
Social Tuning at■■■■■■■
Social Tuning: Social tuning in the psychology context refers to the process by which individuals adjust . . . Read More
Explicit attitude at■■■■■■■
In the psychology context, an explicit attitude refers to the attitudes and beliefs that individuals . . . Read More
Spiritual Awakening at■■■■■■■
Spiritual Awakening: In the psychology context, spiritual awakening refers to a profound shift in an . . . Read More
Acceptance at■■■■■■■
Acceptance, in spirituality, mindfulness, and human psychology, usually refers to the experience of a . . . Read More
Constructive at■■■■■■■
Constructive when prior experience affects how people recall things and what they actually recall from . . . Read More
Self-Help at■■■■■■■
Self-Help: Self-help or self-improvement is a self-guided improvement — economically, intellectually, . . . Read More
Hydration at■■■■■■■
Hydration in the psychology context refers to the state of maintaining optimal mental and emotional well-being. . . . Read More
Prayer at■■■■■■■
Prayer in the context of psychology is a multifaceted practice that encompasses mental, emotional, and . . . Read More
Scarcity at■■■■■■■
In the psychology context, scarcity refers to the perception or experience of limited resources, leading . . . Read More