- Initiative vs. guilt (3-5 yrs) : Englisch: Erik Erikson 's Theory of Psychosocial Development Stages
Initiative vs. guilt (3-5 yrs) refers to the 3rd stage of Erik Erikson's theory of Psychosocial development which is about the ability to plan in advance. Children who learn to plan successfully and carry through their resolutions gain a sense of initiative; those who fail to plan or who cannot actualize their plans gain a sense of guilt.

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