Moses Maimonides (1135 - 1204) was the Jewish physician, theologian and philosopher who attempted to reconcile Aristotelian philosophy and Judaism.

He made significant contributions to the field of psychology through his writings on the nature of the human mind and the relationship between the mind and body. Here are some examples of Maimonides' contributions to psychology:

  1. The mind-body connection: Maimonides believed that the mind and body are closely interconnected, and that physical and emotional health are interdependent. He argued that a healthy mind and body require a balance of physical and spiritual practices.

  2. Rational thinking: Maimonides emphasized the importance of rational thinking in understanding the world and ourselves. He believed that rationality is the key to understanding the nature of the human mind and its relationship to the body.

  3. The role of emotions: Maimonides recognized the importance of emotions in shaping human behavior and argued that emotions can be harnessed for positive change. He believed that emotional balance is crucial for mental and physical well-being.

  4. Ethics: Maimonides' philosophy emphasized the importance of ethical behavior in promoting mental and physical health. He believed that ethical behavior is essential for developing a healthy relationship with oneself and others.

  5. The power of the imagination: Maimonides recognized the power of the imagination in shaping human behavior and believed that positive visualization and mental imagery can be used to promote healing and well-being.

Overall, Maimonides' contributions to psychology emphasized the importance of the mind-body connection, rational thinking, emotional balance, ethics, and the power of the imagination in promoting mental and physical health. His ideas have influenced many areas of psychology, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, positive psychology, and mind-body medicine.