Deutsch: Respondent / Español: respondiente / Português: respondente / Français: répondant / Italiano: rispondente

The respondent is a person who provides data for analysis by responding to a survey questionnaire.

In the context of psychology, respondent can refer to either a person who responds to stimuli in a psychological experiment, typically in studies related to classical conditioning, or it can mean a participant who provides data or answers in psychological research or surveys.


In the domain of behavioral psychology, respondent behavior is an automatic response to a certain stimulus, often discussed in relation to classical conditioning, a learning process first described by Ivan Pavlov. In this scenario, a respondent is an individual who exhibits a natural, often involuntary, reaction to a conditioned stimulus. For example, salivating when smelling food is a respondent behavior.

Application Areas

Understanding respondent behaviors and using respondents in research are critical across various psychological fields:

  • Experimental psychology: Uses respondents to study conditioned responses to stimuli, helping to elucidate how associative learning works.
  • Survey research: In social and clinical psychology, respondents are individuals who answer questions about their behaviors, attitudes, and emotions, providing valuable data for research.
  • Behavioral therapy: Techniques such as systematic desensitization and exposure therapy involve working with respondent behaviors to treat phobias and anxiety disorders.

Well-Known Examples

A classic example of respondent conditioning in psychology is Pavlov's dogs experiment, where dogs were conditioned to salivate in response to the sound of a bell, which they learned to associate with the presentation of food.

Treatment and Risks

In therapeutic settings, understanding respondent behavior can lead to specific interventions:

  • Behavioral therapies: These therapies often seek to modify respondent behaviors that are maladaptive, using techniques such as counterconditioning or aversive conditioning.
  • Risks: Misunderstanding or incorrectly applying behavioral conditioning techniques can reinforce unwanted behaviors or lead to new problematic behaviors.

Symptoms, Therapy, and Healing

  • Therapy Techniques: Involves the use of classical conditioning techniques to modify involuntary responses, often used in treating phobias (e.g., pairing a feared object with a calming response).
  • Healing Process: The therapy aims to replace negative or maladaptive respondent behaviors with more adaptive responses, improving overall functioning and quality of life.

Articles with 'Respondent' in the title

  • Correspondent inference theory: Correspondent inference theory refers to the theory that we make internal attributions about a person when there are (a) few noncommon effects of his or her behavior and (b) the behavior is unexpected
  • Theory of correspondent inferences: Theory of correspondent inferences refers to how behavior relates to the social norms for the current situation. @media(min-width: 800px) { . infeed{ width: 468px- height: 120px- } }- (adsbygoogle = window


In psychology, a respondent is fundamentally associated with the process of responding to stimuli, either in the context of classical conditioning experiments or as participants providing data in research settings. This concept is integral to understanding and applying psychological theories and interventions that address how humans learn from and adapt to their environments.


Related Articles

Classical conditioning at■■■■■■■■■■
classical conditioning refers to the fundamental learning process which was first described by Ivan Pavlov. . . . Read More
Salivation at■■■■■■■■■■
Salivation in the Psychology Context: In psychology, salivation is a physiological response that has . . . Read More
Request at■■■■■■■■■■
In psychology, a request refers to the act of asking for something, typically involving communication . . . Read More
Stimulus at■■■■■■■■■■
Stimulus: In psychology, a stimulus is any type of input that can be detected by one or more of the senses. . . . Read More
Conditioning at■■■■■■■■■■
Conditioning refers to a psychological principle which holds that the frequency of any behavior can be . . . Read More
Biological adaptation at■■■■■■■■■■
Biological Adaptation in the context of psychology refers to the process by which organisms adjust to . . . Read More
Discovery at■■■■■■■■■■
Discovery is defined as the pre-trial procedure whereby opposing sides supply information to each other. . . . Read More
Inquiry at■■■■■■■■■■
Inquiry in the psychology context refers to the process of exploring, investigating, or questioning psychological . . . Read More
Neutral stimulus at
Neutral stimulus (NS) is a stimulus, example is Pavlov’s bell that initially evokes no responsestimulus . . . Read More