Deutsch: Standard / Español: Estándar / Português: Padrão / Français: Norme / Italiano: Standard

Standard is a level or grade of excellence regarded as a goal or measure of adequacy.

Standard in the psychology context refers to a benchmark or set of criteria used to evaluate, measure, or guide behavior, practices, or psychological assessments. In psychology, standards play a crucial role in ensuring consistency, reliability, and validity in research methods, testing procedures, and clinical practices.

Description

Standards in psychology are established norms or protocols that are widely accepted and used by psychologists to conduct research, develop tests, and implement therapeutic interventions. These standards help maintain the quality and ethical integrity of psychological work, ensuring that it is scientifically sound and that it adheres to professional ethical codes.

Application Areas

Standards are applicable in several areas of psychology:

  • Ethical Standards: Guidelines that dictate the ethical conduct of psychologists, including issues like confidentiality, informed consent, and client welfare.
  • Professional Standards: Criteria for professional practice and competencies that psychologists must meet in their work.
  • Research Standards: Protocols for conducting research, including design, data collection, analysis, and reporting, to ensure rigor and reproducibility.
  • Assessment Standards: Guidelines for the development and use of psychological tests and measurements to ensure they are valid and reliable.

Well-Known Examples

Notable examples of standards in psychology include:

  • APA Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct: Provides guidelines on the ethical practice of psychologists.
  • Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing: Developed jointly by the American Psychological Association (APA), American Educational Research Association (AERA), and National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME), these standards provide criteria for test development, evaluation, and use.

Treatment and Risks

Adhering to established standards in psychology is essential for effective and ethical practice. Failure to comply with these standards can lead to ineffective treatments, breaches of ethics, and damage to the credibility of professionals and the field as a whole. Standards help in safeguarding participants and clients, ensuring that their rights are respected and that the psychological interventions they receive are based on the best available science.

Similar Terms

Related terms include "guidelines", which are recommendations based on the latest research and theory but are not mandatory, and "protocols", which are detailed plans of a scientific or medical experiment, treatment, or procedure.

Weblinks

Articles with 'Standard' in the title

  • ALI standard: ALI standard refers to the most liberal standard for determining the insanity of a defendant. This standard attests that the defendant is not responsible for an unlawful act if it resulted from a mental disease or defect such that he or she . . .
  • Double standard: Double standard means applying different standards for judging the appropriateness of male and female sexual behavior - condemning women more than men for the same sexual behavior, for example, premarital sex (with men premarital sex is oka . . .
  • Double-standard thinking: Double-standard thinking refers to the tendency to consider the actions and attributes of one’s own group as positive, fair, and appropriate, but to consider these very same behaviors or displays to be negative, unfair, and inappropriate . . .
  • Durham standard: Durham standard is defined as a legal standard for insanity that was developed by Judge David Brazelton of the US. Court of Appeals. The Durham standard states that "an accused is not criminally responsible if his/her unlawful act was the p . . .
  • Reasonable woman standard: Reasonable woman standard refers to the appropriate basis for defining sexual harassment- defined as the standard by which a reasonable woman would consider a behavior offensive
  • Standard deviation: The Standard deviation refers to a measure which shows the average variability in population from the mean. It is defined as the square root of the variance
  • Standard error: Standard error (SE) refers to the variation in score that takes into account the group size. In psychology, standard error refers to the measure of the variability or spread of a sample statistic, such as the mean or the correlation coeffic . . .
  • Gender role standards: Gender role standards: Gender role standards refer to attributes held by the culture for males and females. These attributes can include both precepts and sanctions
  • Standardization: Standardization refers to the process by which a set of standards or norms is specified for a measurement procedure so that it can be used consistently across different assessments

Summary

In psychology, a standard is a fundamental concept that refers to the established norms and criteria used to guide and evaluate professional practice, research methods, and the development and application of psychological assessments. These standards ensure that psychological work is effective, ethical, and scientifically valid.

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