Deutsch: Annahme / Español: Suposición / Português: Suposição / Français: Supposition / Italiano: Supposizione

Supposition in the context of psychology refers to a cognitive process where an individual assumes or hypothesizes something to be true without having conclusive evidence. This concept is essential in understanding how people form beliefs, make decisions, and engage in problem-solving. Supposition involves the mental operation of considering possibilities, outcomes, or conditions that are not immediately evident from the available information. It plays a crucial role in hypothetical thinking, allowing individuals to plan, predict future events, and consider the implications of different actions or scenarios.


Supposition is related to several cognitive processes, including reasoning, imagination, and prediction. It enables individuals to go beyond the information given, to infer potential consequences, and to engage in creative and abstract thinking. This cognitive process is fundamental in everyday decision-making, allowing people to evaluate different courses of action based on assumed outcomes or conditions. In psychology, understanding supposition helps in exploring various aspects of human cognition, including how beliefs and decisions are influenced by the assumptions individuals make about their environment, themselves, and others.

Application Areas

Supposition has applications across different branches of psychology:

  • Cognitive Psychology: Studies how supposition influences perception, memory, and problem-solving.
  • Clinical Psychology: Examines the role of supposition in cognitive distortions seen in various psychological disorders, such as anxiety and depression, where individuals may make unfounded assumptions about themselves or their future.
  • Social Psychology: Investigates how suppositions about social norms, others' thoughts, and intentions influence interpersonal relationships and behaviors.

Well-Known Examples

A common example of supposition in everyday life is planning a trip. Individuals often make several suppositions regarding weather conditions, the enjoyment of activities, or the availability of accommodations. These suppositions, in turn, guide the planning process and decision-making.

Treatment and Risks

In the context of psychological treatment, addressing maladaptive suppositions is a key aspect of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Therapists work with clients to identify, challenge, and modify irrational or unfounded suppositions that contribute to emotional distress and dysfunctional behaviors. The primary risk associated with supposition is the potential for forming inaccurate beliefs or making poor decisions based on incorrect assumptions or biases.

Similar Terms or Synonyms

  • Assumption
  • Hypothesis
  • Conjecture


Supposition in psychology refers to the process of making assumptions or hypotheses without definitive evidence, enabling individuals to consider possibilities and engage in abstract thinking. It is a fundamental aspect of human cognition, influencing decision-making, problem-solving, and creativity. Understanding and addressing suppositions, particularly when they are maladaptive, is crucial in various psychological therapies to promote healthier thinking patterns and behaviors.


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