Transduction refers to the transformation of environmental energy into electrical energy in senses study. For example, the retinal receptors transduce light energy into electrical energy.

Moreover, Transduction is the process that takes place at the level of the receptors where chemical, mechanical, or thermal energy is converted in electrochemical nerve impulses. Tranduction is derived from Latin transducere, meaning "to lead across." An environmental stimulus activates a specific receptor cell, and this energy is transduced into an electrical stimulus, which is then carried to neurons to be processed by the brain.

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