Neuron refers to individual nerve cell responsible for transmitting information.

In psychology, "neuron" refers to a type of cell that is found in the nervous system and is responsible for transmitting information. Neurons are the basic unit of the nervous system, and they are responsible for transmitting signals or messages throughout the body. Here are a few examples of how "neuron" might be used in the field of psychology:

  1. Structure of neurons: Neurons are composed of a cell body, dendrites, and an axon. The cell body contains the nucleus and other organelles, and the dendrites receive signals from other neurons. The axon carries signals away from the cell body and transmits them to other neurons or to muscles or glands.

  2. Function of neurons: Neurons transmit signals or messages throughout the body by means of electrical and chemical signals. When a neuron receives a signal, it generates an electrical impulse, which travels down the axon and triggers the release of chemicals called neurotransmitters at the synapse, or gap, between the axon and the next neuron.

  3. Types of neurons: There are three main types of neurons: sensory neurons, motor neurons, and interneurons. Sensory neurons transmit signals from the senses to the brain and spinal cord, motor neurons transmit signals from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and glands, and interneurons transmit signals within the brain and spinal cord.

  4. Neuronal networks: Neurons are organized into networks, which are responsible for various functions, such as movement, sensation, and cognition. Dysfunction in these neuronal networks can lead to various mental and physical health issues.

Related Articles

Interneuron at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Interneuron refers to neuron whose axons and dendrites are entirely contained within a given structure. . . . Read More
Neuromuscular at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Neuromuscular describes the junction synapse between axon terminal of a motor neuron and the motor end . . . Read More
Programmed cell death at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Programmed cell death is the theory that aging is genetically programmed In the context of psychology, . . . Read More
Neurotransmitter at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Neurotransmitter refers to a chemical in the brain that transmits nerve impulses Other /More definition:neurotransmitter . . . Read More
Myelin at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Myelin is defined as a fatty layer which coats some axonsan insulating material composed of fats and . . . Read More
Nerve at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Nerve refers to a bundle of fibres that uses electrical and chemical signals to transmit motor and sensory . . . Read More
Filament at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Filament in the psychology context does not have a direct, established meaning as it does in fields like . . . Read More
Anticholinesterase at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Anticholinesterase refers to an agent that inhibits action of acetylcholinesterase (AChE). AChE is an . . . Read More
Chromosome at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Chromosome refers to strand of DNA bearing the genes a threadlike structure in the nucleus of a cell . . . Read More
Sensory at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Sensory refers to nerve messages coming into the brain In psychology, the term "sensory" refers to the . . . Read More