Declarative knowledge is defined as the knowledge of facts that can be stated.
In the psychology context, declarative knowledge refers to knowledge that can be consciously and explicitly stated or declared. It is a type of explicit memory that involves the conscious recall of information about facts, events, concepts, and rules.
Here are some examples of declarative knowledge:
- Knowing that Paris is the capital of France
- Recalling the details of a particular event, such as what you did last weekend
- Understanding the concept of gravity and how it works
- Reciting the multiplication tables
- Knowing the rules of grammar and how to use them correctly
- Understanding the steps involved in solving a math problem
Declarative knowledge can be acquired through various means, such as direct instruction, observation, experience, and reading. It is typically stored in the brain's neocortex and can be retrieved through conscious effort.
Declarative knowledge is important in many areas of psychology, including cognitive psychology, educational psychology, and developmental psychology. It is often contrasted with procedural knowledge, which refers to knowledge of how to perform a skill or task, such as riding a bike or playing a musical instrument.