Derivational morphemes is defined as a bound morpheme that is added to a free morpheme to create a new word. For example, adding " -ness" into a word good turns good, which is an adjective, into goodness, a noun.

Derivational morphemes are affixes that are added to a base word to create a new word that may have a different meaning, part of speech, or grammatical function. In psychology, derivational morphemes can be used as part of language assessments or in studies of language acquisition and development.

Examples of derivational morphemes include:

  • "-er" (teacher, baker, runner)
  • "-ist" (artist, therapist, biologist)
  • "-ment" (movement, development, improvement)
  • "-ness" (happiness, kindness, sadness)
  • "-ful" (beautiful, helpful, joyful)
  • "-ize" (analyze, organize, prioritize)
  • "-ly" (quickly, slowly, happily)

Derivational morphemes can also be used to change the tense of a word, such as adding "-ed" to create past tense (walked, talked, played) or adding "-ing" to create present participle (walking, talking, playing).

In psycholinguistics, derivational morphemes are often studied in relation to how they contribute to the meaning and structure of words, and how they are acquired and processed by the brain.


Related Articles

Stem at■■■■
A Stem is the part of a multiple-choice item that states the question to be answered; - - In the psychology . . . Read More
Word at■■■
Word is defined as a unit of language, consisting of one or more spoken sounds or their written representation, . . . Read More
vital capacity at■■■
The term vital capacity (VC) specifies the volume of air that can be moved into or out of the lungs in . . . Read More
Function at■■■
Function is defined as a line or curve illustrating the relationship of one variable to another. In developmental . . . Read More
Neural at■■■
Neural that which is related to the nervous system ; of the nervous system; - - In psychology, "neural" . . . Read More
Posterior at■■■
Posterior means located toward the rear end, toward the back or the tail; - - In psychology, the term . . . Read More
Developmental psychology at■■■
Developmental psychology refers to the branch of psychology that studies the changes in behavioural, . . . Read More
VDT at■■■
VDT acronym for Video Display Terminal. A computer monitor may also be called a Video Display Terminal; . . . Read More
Nasal at■■■
Nasal is a consonant in which air flows through the nasal cavity as in the N in nail; - - In psychology, . . . Read More
Closed-class words at■■■
Closed-class words refer to a word such as an article, preposition, or conjunction that plays a secondary . . . Read More