Glossary / Lexicon
Four-Factor Theory of Emotion
(1) Appraisal of some external stimulus or situation - the most important factor and also the one emphasized in the Lazarus Theory
(2) Reactions of the body, example is arousal which is the factor emphasized in the James-Lange theory.
(3) Facial expression- the importance of this factor was shown in the study by Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) in which participants were more amused by cartoons when adopting a facial expression close to a smile than when having an expression resembling a frown.
(4) Action tendencies - example is based on the theory of Frijda, Kuiper, and ter Schure, that is preparing to advance in a threatening way is associated with anger, whereas preparing to retreat is associated with fear.
According to this theory, these four (4) factors are not independent of each other. Cognitive appraisal of the situation affects bodily reactions, facial expressions, and action tendencies, as well as having a direct effect on emotional experience.
|Triggers at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■■■|
|Emotional component at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■■|
|Schachter-Singer Theory at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■■|
|Arousal-Interpretation Theory at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■■|
|Attribution-of-arousal theory at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■■|
|Cannon–Bard theory of emotion at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■■|
|Confound at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■|
|Success at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■|
|Encouragement of affect at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■|
|Behavioral perspective at psychology-glossary.com||■■■■|