Four-Factor Theory refers to one of the theories of emotions done by Parkinson (1994) which was subsequently developed by Eysenck in 1977. Four-Factor Theory of Emotion states that em otional experience depends of four(4) separate factors:

(1) Appraisal of some external stimulus or situation - the most important factor and also the one emphasized in the Lazarus Theory

(2) Reactions of the body, example is arousal which is the factor emphasized in the James-Lange theory.

(3) Facial expression- the importance of this factor was shown in the study by Strack, Martin, and Stepper (1988) in which participants were more amused by cartoons when adopting a facial expression close to a smile than when having an expression resembling a frown.

(4) Action tendencies - example is based on the theory of Frijda, Kuiper, and ter Schure, that is preparing to advance in a threatening way is associated with anger, whereas preparing to retreat is associated with fear.

According to this theory, these four (4) factors are not independent of each other. Cognitive appraisal of the situation affects bodily reactions, facial expressions, and action tendencies, as well as having a direct effect on emotional experience.

Related Articles

State anxiety at■■■■■■■
State anxiety refers to a temporary condition of dread or uneasiness stemming from a specific situation. . . . Read More
Attribution-of-arousal theory at■■■■■■■
Attribution-of-arousal theory refers to an approach that combines the James-Lange emphasis on bodily . . . Read More
Schachter-Singer Theory at■■■■■■
Schachter-Singer Theory (1962) which is also known as Arousal-Interpretation Theory refers to one of . . . Read More
Arousal-Interpretation Theory at■■■■■■
Arousal-Interpretation Theory which is also known as ; - Schachter-Singer Theory (1962) refers to one . . . Read More
Cannon–Bard theory of emotion at■■■■■■
- Cannon–Bard theory of emotion : Cannon–Bard theory of emotion refers to a theory stating that an . . . Read More
James-Lange theory at■■■■■■
James-Lange theory: James-Lange theory refers to a proposal that an event first provokes autonomic and . . . Read More
James-Lange Theory of Emotion at■■■■■■
James-Lange Theory of Emotion refers to one of the early theories of emotions promoted by American Psychologist . . . Read More
Empathy at■■■■■
Empathy refers to identification with or sharing of another's feelings , situation, or attitudes nad . . . Read More
Cognitive appraisal theories of emotion at■■■■■
- Cognitive appraisal theories of emotion : Cognitive appraisal theories of emotion refer to - theories . . . Read More
Cognitive neoassociation model of aggression at■■■■■
Cognitive neoassociation model of aggression refers to a theory of harm-doing proposing that aversive . . . Read More