Deutsch: Unabhängig / Español: Independiente / Português: Independente / Français: Indépendant / Italiano: Indipendente /

Independent also Idiocentric refers to an individual who is dispositionally predisposed to put his or her own personal interests and motivations above the group 's interests and goals.


In psychology, "independent" refers to a personality trait or characteristic associated with individuals who demonstrate autonomy, self-reliance, and a preference for making decisions and taking actions on their own. Independent individuals tend to have a strong sense of self-direction, often relying on their own judgment and resources rather than seeking guidance or approval from others. This trait can manifest in various domains of life, including relationships, work, and decision-making processes. Psychologists may assess independence as part of personality assessments or therapeutic interventions to understand how individuals navigate their social and interpersonal environments.

Application Areas

  • Personality assessment
  • Counseling and psychotherapy
  • Educational psychology
  • Organizational psychology
  • Developmental psychology
  • Cross-cultural psychology

Treatment and Risks

  • Treatment: While independence is often considered a positive trait, extreme or rigid independence can sometimes lead to difficulties in forming close relationships or seeking help when needed. Therapeutic interventions such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or interpersonal therapy (IPT) may help individuals explore and modify maladaptive patterns of independence to improve their overall well-being and interpersonal functioning.
  • Risks: Risks associated with independence in the psychology context include potential isolation, difficulty in forming meaningful connections, and resistance to accepting support or feedback from others. Additionally, overly independent individuals may struggle with vulnerability or intimacy in relationships, leading to interpersonal conflicts or emotional distress.


  • An independent thinker who prefers to work alone and sets their own goals rather than conforming to group dynamics.
  • A teenager who asserts their autonomy by making decisions about their education, career path, or personal beliefs without relying heavily on parental guidance.
  • A leader who delegates tasks effectively and trusts their team members to execute responsibilities autonomously.

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Self-sufficiency
  • Autonomy
  • Self-reliance
  • Sovereign
  • Self-directed
  • Individualistic


Articles with 'Independent' in the title

  • Context-independent learning: Context-independent learning is defined as learning of a skill or strategy independent of a specific situation in which the skill will be applied- acquiring knowledge for knowledge’s sake
  • Independent assortment: Independent assortment: Independent assortment refers to the principle that each pair of Chromosomes segregates independently of all other chromosome pairs during meiosis
  • Independent living facility: Independent living facility refers to rental accommodation in which services are not included as part of the rent, but may be available on site and may be purchased by residents for an additional fee
  • Independent self: Independent self refers to a view of oneself as an independent person whose behavior is determined mainly by one's own internal characteristics. According to Face-negotiation theory, Independent self is the self-construal of individuals who . . .
  • Independent variable: Independent variable: Independent variable refers to the input or stimulus that is manipulated or observed. It is controlled by the tester- Other /More definition: independent variable refers to phenomenon manipulated by the experimenter in . . .


In psychology, independence refers to a personality trait characterized by autonomy, self-reliance, and a preference for making decisions and taking actions without undue influence from others. While independence can be beneficial, extreme or rigid independence may pose challenges in forming close relationships or seeking help when needed. Therapeutic interventions can help individuals explore and modify maladaptive patterns of independence to improve interpersonal functioning and overall well-being.


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