Innate releasing mechanisms refer to inherited sets of behaviors elicited by specific sets of stimuli without the need of prior environmental experience.

Innate releasing mechanisms (IRM) are pre-wired neural pathways in the brain that are activated by specific stimuli, resulting in innate and stereotypical behavioral responses. These mechanisms were first proposed by ethologist Nikolaas Tinbergen to explain animal behavior, but have also been applied to the study of human behavior.

Examples of innate releasing mechanisms in animals include:

  • The pecking response of baby birds towards the red dot on their mother's beak
  • The egg-rolling behavior of geese in response to the sight of an egg outside of their nest
  • The nest-building behavior of male stickleback fish in response to the sight of a female fish with a red belly

In humans, innate releasing mechanisms are thought to underlie certain emotional and behavioral responses, such as:

  • The fear response to threatening stimuli like snakes or spiders
  • The nurturing response to infants and young children
  • The disgust response to foul odors or contaminated food

Research on innate releasing mechanisms in humans is still in its early stages, but it has the potential to shed light on the evolution and universality of certain emotional and behavioral responses.

Related Articles

Neural at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Neural that which is related to the nervous system of the nervous system In psychology, "neural" refers . . . Read More
Functional analysis at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Functional analysis is defined as a central feature of behavioral assessment. In a Functional analysis, . . . Read More
Stimulation at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
The term "stimulation" refers to the process of providing sensory input or environmental cues to an organism, . . . Read More
Learning at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■
Learning refers to an enduring change in the mechanisms of behavior involving specific stimuli and/or . . . Read More
Behavioral perspective at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Behavioral perspective refers to a theoretical perspective in which it is assumed that abnormality is . . . Read More
Scarcity at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
In the psychology context, scarcity refers to the perception or experience of limited resources, leading . . . Read More
Biology at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Biology in the Psychology Context: The Interplay of Mind and BodyIn the context of psychology, "biology" . . . Read More
Psychoneuroimmunology at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Psychoneuroimmunology is defined as the study of the links among behavior, stress, disease, and the immune . . . Read More
Displeasure at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
In the realm of psychology, displeasure is a complex emotional response characterized by feelings of . . . Read More
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■
Pavlov, Ivan Petrovich: Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (1849-1936) shared Sechenov's goal of creating a totally . . . Read More