Mental images, also known as mental representations or mental models, are mental constructions that allow people to represent and manipulate information in their minds. Mental images can be created from a person's sensory experiences, such as seeing, hearing, touching, or smelling, and they can also be based on abstract concepts or ideas.
In the psychology context, mental images are thought to play a key role in a wide range of mental processes, including perception, memory, learning, problem-solving, and language. For example, mental images can help people to visualize and understand spatial relationships, remember and retrieve information from memory, solve mathematical problems, and comprehend and produce language.
- A mental image of a person's face that allows them to recognize and identify the person
- A mental image of a map that helps a person to navigate and find their way to a destination
- A mental image of a math problem that allows a person to solve the problem in their head
- A mental image of a story or article that helps a person to comprehend and remember the content
Mental images can be influenced by a person's individual experiences, culture, and education, and they can also be affected by various psychological factors, such as emotion, attention, and motivation.