Screen readers refer to computer software programs that are designed to read the text of menu commands and other navigation features aloud to an individual who has difficulty reading them on their own. Common screen readers are WindowEyes and JAWS (Job Access With Speech).

In the psychology context, screen readers refer to software tools that are designed to help people with visual impairments to access digital content by reading it aloud or presenting it in a braille format. These tools use text-to-speech technology to convert on-screen text into spoken words, allowing users to navigate through web pages, documents, and other digital content using keyboard commands or other input devices.

Examples of screen readers include:

  1. JAWS (Job Access With Speech) - a popular screen reader that works with Windows operating system and supports a range of applications, including web browsers, email clients, and word processors.

  2. VoiceOver - a screen reader built into Apple's Mac OS X and iOS operating systems that provides access to a wide range of applications and digital content.

  3. NVDA (NonVisual Desktop Access) - a free, open-source screen reader that works with Windows operating system and supports a variety of languages.

  4. Orca - a screen reader that comes with most Linux distributions and provides access to a range of applications and digital content.

  5. ChromeVox - a screen reader built into Google Chrome web browser that provides access to web pages and web applications.

Screen readers are an important tool for people with visual impairments, as they help to promote equal access to digital content and enhance their ability to participate in educational, social, and employment opportunities.


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