Impairment means physical damage or deterioration. Impairment also refers to any limitation or loss of physiological, psychological or anatomical function on a long-term or permanent basis.

In psychology, impairment refers to a decrease or reduction in normal functioning in some aspect of an individual's life, such as their mental, emotional, or physical abilities. Impairments can be temporary or permanent and can range from mild to severe.

Examples of impairment in psychology include:

  1. Cognitive impairment - A reduction in cognitive abilities, such as memory, attention, and problem-solving, that can be caused by factors such as aging, brain injury, or dementia.

  2. Emotional impairment - A reduction in emotional functioning, such as the ability to regulate emotions, that can be caused by factors such as anxiety, depression, or trauma.

  3. Physical impairment - A reduction in physical abilities, such as mobility or dexterity, that can be caused by factors such as injury, illness, or congenital conditions.

  4. Substance-related impairment - A reduction in functioning due to the use of drugs or alcohol, such as decreased cognitive and physical abilities.

  5. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) - A developmental disorder that affects attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity and can lead to impaired functioning in school, work, and relationships.

  6. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - A neurodevelopmental disorder that affects social interaction, communication, and behavior and can lead to impaired functioning in everyday life.

  7. Schizophrenia - A mental disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, and disordered thinking that can lead to impaired functioning in daily life and relationships.

In psychology, the study of impairment is important for understanding the causes and consequences of reduced functioning, and for developing interventions and treatments to improve functioning and quality of life. Impairment can have a significant impact on an individual's daily life and well-being, and it is important to understand and address this issue.


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