Sample refers to a selection of individuals from a larger group.

In psychology, a "sample" is a group of individuals who are selected to participate in a research study. Samples are used in psychological research to collect data and to make inferences about a larger population based on the characteristics of the sample. Here are a few examples of how "sample" might be used in the field of psychology:

1. Sample size: The sample size is the number of individuals in the sample. The larger the sample size, the more representative the sample is likely to be of the larger population.

2. Sampling methods: There are several different methods that researchers can use to select a sample, including random sampling, stratified sampling, and cluster sampling. The method used will depend on the research question and the characteristics of the population being studied.

3. Sample characteristics: The characteristics of the sample, such as age, gender, and other demographic variables, can be important in understanding the relevance and generalizability of the findings from a research study.

4. Bias in sampling: Bias in sampling refers to the presence of systematic error in the selection of the sample. Bias can occur if the sample is not representative of the larger population, leading to findings that are not generalizable to the population as a whole.

### Related Articles

Population at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Population refers to the entire group of individuals sharing a particular characteristic. In psychology, . . . Read More
Statistic at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
In the context of psychology, a statistic refers to a numerical value that describes or summarizes data . . . Read More
Probability sampling at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■■
Probability sampling refers to a research strategy that involves acquiring a random sample for inclusion . . . Read More
Differential research design at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Differential research design is defined as a Non-experimental research design that compares pre-existing . . . Read More
Data at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■■
Data is defined as collected facts, observations, and other pertinent information from which conclusions . . . Read More
Case at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
A case can refer to a specific individual or group who is being studied or treated. For example, a psychologist . . . Read More
Subject at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
In the context of psychology, a "subject" is an individual who participates in a research study or experiment. . . . Read More
Mode at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Mode is defined as the measure of central tendency that identifies the most frequently occurring score . . . Read More
Time-series design at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
Time-series design refers to a quasi-experimental research design consisting of a series of observations . . . Read More
Method at psychology-glossary.com■■■■■■■■
In psychology, a method refers to a specific procedure or approach that is used to study a particular . . . Read More