Test refers to a task or set of tasks given under standard conditions with the purpose of assessing some aspect of the subject’s (that is the client/patient) knowledge, skill, personality, or condition.


In psychology, a test refers to a standardized or objective measure used to assess a person's abilities, personality traits, behaviors, or mental health. Tests can vary in format, including written exams, interviews, observations, and self-report questionnaires. They are designed to provide valuable information about an individual's characteristics, functioning, and potential areas of concern. Tests are often used in clinical settings, research studies, educational institutions, and employment assessments to aid in decision-making and understanding human behavior.

Application Areas

  • Clinical psychology
  • Forensic psychology
  • Industrial-organizational psychology
  • Educational psychology
  • Neuropsychology

Treatment and Risks

  • Treatment: Tests can help professionals diagnose mental health conditions and develop appropriate treatment plans.
  • Risks: Inaccurate test results may lead to misdiagnosis or inappropriate interventions.


  • Intelligence tests (e.g., IQ tests)
  • Personality assessments (e.g., Myers-Briggs Type Indicator)
  • Behavioral observations

Similar Concepts and Synonyms

  • Assessment
  • Evaluation
  • Measurement
  • Screening


Articles with 'Test' in the title

  • Brain Mapping Test: Brain Mapping Test or the P300 refers to a test which was developed and patented in 1995 by neurologist Dr. Lawrence A. Farwell, Director and Chief Scientist "Brain Wave Science”, IOWA
  • Chi-Square test for independence: Chi-Square test for independence: Chi-square test for independence refers to a statistical test usually used to determine whether the data in a contingency table are statistically significant
  • Cultural/test-bias hypothesis: Cultural/test-bias hypothesis refers to the notion that IQ tests and testing procedures have a built-in, middle-class bias that explains the substandard performance of children from lower-class and minority subcultures
  • Culture-fair IQ test: Culture-fair IQ test refers to a tests that are fair for all members in a culture. A culture-fair IQ test is a type of intelligence test that aims to minimize the impact of cultural and social factors on test performance
  • Dexamethasone suppression test: Dexamethasone suppression test (DST) refers to a method of testing neuroendocrine functioning by injecting the individual with Dexamethasone, which in normal individuals results in the suppression of cortisol
  • Dexamethasone suppression test (DST): Dexamethasone suppression test (DST) is defined as a method of testing neuroendocrine functioning by injecting the individual with Dexamethasone, which in normal individuals results in the suppression of cortisol
  • Diagnostic test/assessment: Diagnostic test/assessment refers to a test which is used for the purposes of discovering a learner's specific strengths or weaknesses. The results may be used in making decisions on future training, learning or teaching
  • Hypothesis test: Hypothesis test refers to an inferential statistical procedure that uses sample data to evaluate the Credibility of a hypothesis about a population. A hypothesis test determines wheth er research results are statistically significant
  • Implicit Association Test (IAT): Implicit Association Test (IAT) : Implicit Association Test or IAT refers to a reaction time procedure that provides a measure of implicit attitudes
  • Incremental exercise test: Incremental exercise test refers to an exercise test involving a progressive increase in work rate over time. Often graded exercise tests are used to determine the subject's VO2 max o r lactate threshold
  • Intelligence test: Intelligence test refers to a questionnaire or series of exercises designed to measure intelligence. It is generally understood that intelligence tests are less a measure of innate ability to learn as of what the person tested has already l . . .
  • IQ-Test: IQ-Test: IQ test, short for , is a standardized assessment designed to measure an individual's cognitive abilities and intellectual potential. These tests are widely used in psychology to evaluate a person's problem-solving skills, reasonin . . .
  • Irresistible impulse test: Irresistible impulse test refers to a standard for judging legal insanity which holds that a defendant is not guilty of a criminal offense if the person, by virtue of their mental state or psychological condition, was not able to resist com . . .
  • Lie Detection Test: Lie Detection Test refers to an examination which is based on an assumption that there is an interaction between the mind and body and is conducted by various components or the sensor- s of a polygraph machine, which are attached to the bod . . .
  • Multiple Sleep Latency Test: Multiple Sleep Latency Test: Multiple Sleep Latency Test or MSLT refers to a standardized procedure used to measure daytime sleepiness. During the test, the patient is asked to stay awake for certain lengths of time and then to take short-d . . .
  • Narco analysis test: Narco analysis test refers to a test using the "truth serum". Narco analysis test is conducted by mixing 3 grams of Sodium Pentothal or Sodium Amytal dissolved in 3000 ml
  • Nocturnal penile tumescence test: Nocturnal penile tumescence test (NPT test)refers to a study performed to evaluate erections during sleep that helps clarify the causes of erectile dysfunction
  • NTP test: NTP test is the abbreviations of Nocturnal penile tumescence test which refers to a study performed to evaluate erections during sleep that helps clarify the causes of erectile dysf unction
  • Polygraph Detection Test: Polygraph Detection Test refers to an electronic test intended to determine honesty by measuring an individual"s physiological changes after being asked questions
  • Polygraph Test: Polygraph Test refers to an examination which is based on an assumption that there is an interaction between the mind and body and is conducted by various components or the sensors of- a polygraph machine, which are attached to the body of . . .
  • Power Test: Power Test is defined as a test that measures the quantity of work accomplished in a time period. Examples of Power Tests are: Anaerobic Power Tests that include the Margaria stair climb test and the Wingate test
  • Projective test: Projective test: projective test refers to Psychoanalytically based measure that presents ambiguous stimuli to clients on the assumption that their responses can reveal their unconscious conflicts
  • Psychological test: Psychological test is defined as a standardized measure of a sample of a person's behavior. Psychological test refers to a device for measuring characteristics of human beings that pertain to overt (observable) and covert (intra-individual) . . .
  • TAT (Thematic Apperception Test): TAT (Thematic Apperception Test) refers to a projective personality test in which test-takers are shown pictures and asked to tell stories- a projective technique that purports to reveal patients' personality characteristics by interpreting . . .
  • Test battery: A Test battery is a group of subtests, each assessing a different subject area but all normed on the same sample- designed to be administered to the same group of test takers
  • Test-retest reliability: Test-retest reliability refers to a method for testing whether self-reports are reliable or accurate- participants are interviewed (or given a questionnaire) and then interviewed a second time sometime later to determine whether their answe . . .
  • Thematic Apperception Test: Thematic Apperception Test: Thematic Apperception Test refers to an exercise originating in psychotherapy, designed to allow the subject to project hidden feelings or associations onto a neutral object or scene
  • Wide Range Achievement Test: Wide Range Achievement Test refers to a Screening test that can be administered to determine if a more comprehensive Achievement test is needed. Achievement tests refer to skills that- individuals learn through direct instruction or interve . . .
  • Wilkinson Addition Test: Wilkinson Addition Test: Wilkinson addition test refers to a performance test in which the subjects add numbers for one hour. Often included in a battery of tests to measure the impact of acute or chronic sleep loss
  • Conditional reasoning tests: Conditional reasoning tests: Conditional reasoning tests refer to tests developed to reduce inaccurate responses and get a more accurate picture of a person’s tendency to engage in aggressive or counterproductive behavior
  • List of psychological tests: List of psychological tests: This is an incomplete list of psychological tests. They are often used by professionals. Depression Inventory, Burns Depression / Anxiety checklists, Conner's Rating Scale, Dementia Rating Scale, Eysenck Persona . . .
  • Personality tests: Personality tests refer to tests that measures overt and covert dispositions of individuals- the tendency that individuals will show a particular behavior or response in any given situation
  • Projective Tests: Projective Tests refers to a form of assessment that presents the child with ambiguous stimuli, such as inkblots or pictures of people. The hypothesis is that the child will "project” his or her own personality on the ambiguous stimuli of . . .


Tests in psychology are standardized measures used to assess various aspects of human behavior, personality, and mental health. They play a crucial role in clinical practice, research, and other settings by providing valuable information for decision-making and understanding individuals' characteristics. Tests can be used in a wide range of application areas, from clinical psychology to educational and organizational settings. However, it is essential to consider the potential risks of using tests, such as misinterpretation of results or inaccurate assessments.