doubt refers to the stage when infants develop autonomy or shame depending on the way parents react to their expression of will and their wish to do things for themselves.
shame and doubt (1-3 yrs) : Englisch: Erik Erikson 's Theory of Psychosocial Development Stages
adaptation refers to that form of adjustment which results from changes within an individual.
system refers to autonomous, self -producing systems with self-defined boundaries.
neurotransmitter released by the presynaptic cell itself, feeding back to decrease further release of the transmitter
mechanism by which an organ regulates blood flow to match the metabolic rate.
responses that are learned in experimental situations even though they are not necessary to obtain reinforcement . Autoshaped behaviors, like pecking in pigeons usually appear to be part of the organism’s repertoire of “natural” behaviors. A type of sign tracking in which a pigeon comes to automatically peck at a response key because the key light has been associated with the response-independent delivery of food is an example of Autoshaping.