Null contingency refers to a reinforcement contingency in which there is no relation between a response and reinforcing stimuli.

In psychology, null contingency refers to a lack of relationship or association between two variables. This means that the occurrence of one variable does not predict the occurrence of the other variable. Here are some examples of null contingency:

  1. Height and favorite color: There is no relationship between a person's height and their favorite color. Knowing a person's height does not help predict their favorite color, and knowing their favorite color does not help predict their height.

  2. Age and shoe size: There is no relationship between a person's age and their shoe size. Knowing a person's age does not help predict their shoe size, and knowing their shoe size does not help predict their age.

  3. Gender and car brand preference: There is no relationship between a person's gender and their preference for a particular car brand. Knowing a person's gender does not help predict their car brand preference, and knowing their car brand preference does not help predict their gender.

  4. Eating breakfast and height: There is no relationship between a person's habit of eating breakfast and their height. Knowing whether a person eats breakfast or not does not help predict their height, and knowing their height does not help predict their breakfast habits.

Overall, null contingency is an important concept in psychology research, as it helps researchers determine whether there is a meaningful relationship between two variables. If there is no relationship, then the variables are said to have null contingency. This information is important for drawing accurate conclusions and making informed decisions based on research findings.

Related Articles

Attributive relations at■■■■■■■
Attributive relations refer to relations between words that indicate the attributes of a given word,such . . . Read More
Stimulus generalization at■■■■■■■
Stimulus generalization refers to the process of learning to respond in the same way to stimuli that . . . Read More
Contingency at■■■■■■
Contingency refers to the relationship between a response and its outcome in operant conditioning or . . . Read More
Functional analysis at■■■■■■
Functional analysis is defined as a central feature of behavioral assessment. In a Functional analysis, . . . Read More
Categorical self at■■■■■■
Categorical self refers to a person’s classification of the self along socially significant dimensions . . . Read More
Cause And Effect at■■■■■■
Cause And Effect: In the psychology context, "cause and effect" refers to the principle that behaviors . . . Read More
Figure at■■■■■■
Figure refers to part of a field that stands out in good contour clearly from the groundIn the psychology . . . Read More
Behavior at■■■■■■
Behavior refers to the observable response a person makes to any situation. It also includes the reactions . . . Read More
Regulation at■■■■■■
The term "regulation" refers to the processes and mechanisms through which individuals manage and control . . . Read More
Bait shyness at■■■■■■
Bait shyness refers to an unwillingness or hesitation on the part of animals to eat a particular foodIn . . . Read More