Null contingency refers to a reinforcement contingency in which there is no relation between a response and reinforcing stimuli.

In psychology, null contingency refers to a lack of relationship or association between two variables. This means that the occurrence of one variable does not predict the occurrence of the other variable. Here are some examples of null contingency:

  1. Height and favorite color: There is no relationship between a person's height and their favorite color. Knowing a person's height does not help predict their favorite color, and knowing their favorite color does not help predict their height.

  2. Age and shoe size: There is no relationship between a person's age and their shoe size. Knowing a person's age does not help predict their shoe size, and knowing their shoe size does not help predict their age.

  3. Gender and car brand preference: There is no relationship between a person's gender and their preference for a particular car brand. Knowing a person's gender does not help predict their car brand preference, and knowing their car brand preference does not help predict their gender.

  4. Eating breakfast and height: There is no relationship between a person's habit of eating breakfast and their height. Knowing whether a person eats breakfast or not does not help predict their height, and knowing their height does not help predict their breakfast habits.

Overall, null contingency is an important concept in psychology research, as it helps researchers determine whether there is a meaningful relationship between two variables. If there is no relationship, then the variables are said to have null contingency. This information is important for drawing accurate conclusions and making informed decisions based on research findings.

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